March 28th, 2014

Antifungal activity of fennel seed oil

N. Mimica-Dukić, S. Kujundžić,  M. Sokovićand M. Couladis (2003) Essential oil composition and antifungal activity of Foeniculum vulgare Mill. obtained by different distillation conditions. Phytotherapy Research, Volume 17, Issue 4, pages 368–371.

Abstract: The influence of different hydrodistillation conditions was evaluated from the standpoint of essential oil yield, chemical composition and antifungal activity from seeds of Foeniculum vulgare Mill. Three hydrodistillation conditions were considered. The main constituents of the oils were: (E)-anethole (72.27%–74.18%), fenchone (11.32%–16.35%) and methyl chavicol (3.78%–5.29%). The method of distillation significantly affected the essential oil yield and quantitative composition, although the antifungal activity of the oils against some fungi was only slightly altered. Copyright © 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Posted by Editor
Filed in
 

March 24th, 2014

Register now! Limited space available for the 2014 Spring CE Event with Valerie Ann Worwood!!!

BC Association of Practicing Aromatherapists

Registration Form for Continuing Education Days

A Weekend with Valerie Ann Worwood

Working with cellular memory - psycho-emotional and cellular threads, past, present and future in ones aromatherapy practice. This includes the inherited emotional threads that result in physiological conditions and ancestrally inherited emotional threads passed from generation to generation until resolved.

For more information please visit the website at www.bcapa.org

April 5th and 6th, 2014

9:00am – 4:00pm

Location of workshop will be:

The Coast Tsawwassen Inn

1665 56th Street, Delta, B.C.  V4L 2B2

 

Members: Early Registration Fee: $325.00 until February 28, 2014

Non-members and member registrations received from March 1, 2014: $375.00

Last day of registration is April 3, 2014

Lunch will be provided both days

$100.00 will be held back for cancellations after March 16th to pay for non-refundable meals that have been ordered & paid for by the BCAPA

Attendees will receive 8CE credits for this event

For more information please contact Colleen at: colleen@essenceofthyme.ca

 

Name: _________________________________________________________

Mailing Address: _________________________________________________

Email: ___________________________     Phone: _____________________

Method of Payment:          Cheque _____     Visa _____      PayPal _____

 

Credit Card # _____________________________ Exp. Date: _________

Signature: __________________________________________________

Please mail completed registration form and payment to:  Colleen Thompson, 20729 93A Avenue, Langley, BC V1M 2W7

Other Information

The BCAPA AGM will be held immediately following Valerie’s seminar on Saturday (approximately 4:30 p.m.)

The Tsawwassen Inn has blocked off 10 rooms for the BCAPA at a rate of $111.00 per night.  Please reserve as soon as possible to receive this rate.

Parking at the Coast Tsawwassen Inn is complimentary

If you have any dietary concerns please make note of them on your registration form so that we can inform the caterers

Posted by Editor
Filed in
 

February 8th, 2014

Spring CE Day Early Bird Registration!

BC Association of Practicing Aromatherapists

Registration Form for Continuing Education Days

A Weekend with Valerie Ann Worwood

Working with cellular memory - psycho-emotional and cellular threads, past, present and future in ones aromatherapy practice. This includes the inherited emotional threads that result in physiological conditions and ancestrally inherited emotional threads passed from generation to generation until resolved.

For more information please visit the website at www.bcapa.org

April 5th and 6th, 2014

9:00am – 4:00pm

Location of workshop will be:

The Coast Tsawwassen Inn

1665 56th Street, Delta, B.C.  V4L 2B2

 

Members: Early Registration Fee: $325.00 until February 28, 2014

Non-members and member registrations received from March 1, 2014: $375.00

Last day of registration is April 3, 2014

Lunch will be provided both days

$100.00 will be held back for cancellations after March 16th to pay for non-refundable meals that have been ordered & paid for by the BCAPA

Attendees will receive 8CE credits for this event

For more information please contact Colleen at: colleen@essenceofthyme.ca

 

Name: _________________________________________________________

Mailing Address: _________________________________________________

Email: ___________________________     Phone: _____________________

Method of Payment:          Cheque _____     Visa _____      PayPal _____

 

Credit Card # _____________________________ Exp. Date: _________

Signature: __________________________________________________

Please mail completed registration form and payment to:  Colleen Thompson, 20729 93A Avenue, Langley, BC V1M 2W7

Other Information

The BCAPA AGM will be held immediately following Valerie’s seminar on Saturday (approximately 4:30 p.m.)

The Tsawwassen Inn has blocked off 10 rooms for the BCAPA at a rate of $111.00 per night.  Please reserve as soon as possible to receive this rate.

Parking at the Coast Tsawwassen Inn is complimentary

If you have any dietary concerns please make note of them on your registration form so that we can inform the caterers

Posted by Editor
Filed in
 

January 28th, 2014

Spring 2014 CE Day Reminder!

We are very excited to announce some of the details of our Spring 2014 CE Day! It will be held on April 5th and 6th at the Tsawwassen Inn, in sunny Tsawwassen, BC.

Our speaker for the two days will be none other than Valerie Ann Worwood, acclaimed author and aromatherapist. In addition to the many books she has authored, Valerie Ann Worwood has served on the executive councils of the International Federation of Aromatherapists and the Aromatherapy Organizations Council and has also conducted numerous research projects in the clinical use of essential oils.

The early bird rate will be $325.00 and the non-member/non-early bird rate will be $375.00.

Posted by Editor
Filed in
 

January 10th, 2014

Botanica 2014 September 5th – 7th, 2014 in Dublin Ireland!

Botanica Poster image

 

Click here to register!

Posted by Editor
Filed in
 

November 22nd, 2013

Spring 2014 CE Day!

We are very excited to announce some of the details of our Spring 2014 CE Day! It will be held on April 5th and 6th at the Tsawwassen Inn, in sunny Tsawwassen, BC.

Our speaker for the two days will be none other than Valerie Ann Worwood, acclaimed author and aromatherapist. In addition to the many books she has authored, Valerie Ann Worwood has served on the executive councils of the International Federation of Aromatherapists and the Aromatherapy Organizations Council and has also conducted numerous research projects in the clinical use of essential oils.

The early bird rate will be $325.00 and the non-member/non-early bird rate will be $375.00.

Posted by Editor
Filed in
 

October 22nd, 2013

Webinar with Jade Shutes: The Internal Use of Essential Oils (Oct. 23rd & 31st) REGISTRATION DEADLINE: 3:00 P.M. PST, OCT 23, 2013

This is one of the first open educational seminars about the internal use of essential oils and it is recommended for all, even those who are adamantly opposed to the idea. *You will receive a free e-book with recipes to make capsules, mouthwash, toothpaste, cough syrup, and suppositories along with appropriate safety and dilution guidelines. *Registration cuts off today, Oct. 23rd at 3:00 p.m. PST! To learn more and register, please visit: http://theida.com/aromatherapy-education/the-internal-use-of-essential-oils-webinar-with-jade-shutes

Posted by Editor
Filed in
 

August 22nd, 2013

Alliance of International Aromatherapists Conference and Expo: September 19-22, 2013!

St. Petersburg, Florida
Sep 19 – 22, 2013

 

The Alliance of International Aromatherapists invites you to their 4th Biennial International Aromatherapy Conference and Wellness Expo to be heldSeptember 19-22, 2013, at the Hilton St. Petersburg Bayfront Hotel.

 

With the title, Expanding Aromatherapy: Power of the Past ~ Force of the Future, AIA is hosting an array of industry leaders who will be presenting on a variety of topics including the use of aromatherapy in clinical setting, personal care and other integrative therapies, as well as aromatherapy research.

 

Purpose, Theme and Objectives of this Conference

Purpose: The purpose of this conference is to provide opportunities for aromatherapists, massage therapists, related specialty practitioners and students to meet, discuss and learn about current aromatherapy methodologies and research.

 

Theme: This conference will recognize the foundations upon which aromatherapy was built and evolved, then explore the possibilities for practitioners from diverse fields to expand aromatherapy into their practices as well as influence reform in general healthcare.

 

 Objectives to fulfill the conference purpose:

  1. Promote responsible use of aromatherapy.
  2. Inspire excellence in educational standards for aromatherapy training.
  3. Bring conventional medicine and natural therapies, with emphasis on professional aromatherapy, into a more harmonious relationship.

 

This conference is a part of the AIA’s mission to unite aromatherapists from around the world in an effort to advance research and professionalism within the aromatherapy industry and to provide public education through scientific research and educational programs; and our goal to bring conventional medicine and natural therapies, with emphasis on professional aromatherapy, into a more harmonious relationship.

 

Learn how essential oils are being used in clinical environments, hospice & palliative care, cancer care, skin care, massage and spas, psychotherapy, Eastern medicine, and yoga, among other integrative therapies from dynamic and engaging speakers!

  • Learn new techniques to enhance your practice!
  • Network with the experts!
  • Shop the Expo!
  • Learn, laugh and relax with your colleagues!
Posted by Editor
Filed in
 

August 22nd, 2013

Climate Change News 2013: Essential Oils Cool Planet by Robert Tisserand

It now appears that the world would have warmed more than it has were it not for the aromatic cocktail of chemicals emitted by plants. It turns out that this can change the weather – and anything that changes the weather day after day and year after year changes the climate too. While this mechanism is nowhere near strong enough to save us from global warming, it may have been stronger in the past when the air was cleaner. So could it be that Gaia is not powerless after all? Stephen Battersby

It has long been suspected that the envelope of essential oil vapor around an aromatic plant helps protect it from extremes of temperature, especially heat. It makes sense that higher temps lead to greater essential oil evaporation, and this in turn has a cooling effect on the plant (evaporation from a surface is always cooling). Until recently, no one imagined that there might be a cooling phenomenon taking place on a much larger scale.

There is always invisible water in the ambient air. There are also tiny particles floating in the air, such as salt and dust; these are called aerosols. The water vapor and aerosols are constantly bumping into each other. When the air is cooled, some of the water vapor sticks to the aerosols when they collide – this is condensation. Eventually, bigger water droplets form around the aerosol particles, and these clump together with other droplets, forming clouds.

The Gaia hypothesis
The Gaia hypothesis is James Lovelock’s idea that the planet as a whole is capable of environmental self-regulation (Lovelock & Margulis 1974). In 1987, Lovelock and others proposed a feedback mechanism that could counterbalance global warming involving the oceans. Called the CLAW (after its authors) hypothesis, this proposed that algae in the sea emit a gas called dimethyl sulfoxide, which can react with air to form sulfuric acid vapor and condense into aerosols (Charleson et al 1987). Warmer weather causes greater algal growth, and the aerosols could feasibly cool the planet by reflecting sun directly, and also indirectly by making clouds whiter. However, water droplets do not form and grow unless they are at least 100 nanometers in size, and models of the CLAW hypothesis later showed that particles would not reach even close to this size. In addition not enough dimethyl sulfoxide is released to make a difference.

In 2004, scientists at the University of Helsinki proposed an alternative model involving pine trees instead of algae (Kulmala et al 2004). They hypothesized that increased temperatures and atmospheric CO2 would lead to increased photosynthesis and forest growth, leading to an increase in pine oil emissions. Pine oil is mostly composed of monoterpenes such as limonene and pinene. These terpenes rise above the trees, and combine with sulphur dioxide and other aerosols to form especially large cloud droplets. Clouds with larger droplets are whiter, reflecting more sunlight back into space, cooling the land below, and thus counteracting the effects of global warming. (More trees also means more CO2 absorption, so there is a double benefit.) Even if forest growth did not increase, in warmer weather, pine trees emit significantly more essential oil (Fuentes et al 2000).

Global warming offset
This hypothesis now looks like a reality – not so much in terms of increased forest growth, but warmer temperatures do result in greater pine oil emissions, which do cause whiter and larger clouds. A research team at Manchester University has demonstrated that, as aerosols and water accumulate, the presence of terpenes changes the chemistry of the drops, allowing them to attract more water, and this can substantially increase the  number of droplets (Topping et al 2013). A cloud with a greater concentration of droplets is a whiter, fluffier cloud.

The clincher comes from a study involving 11 weather stations around the planet. A team including Markku Kulmala and Paul Paasonen, also at Helsinki, sampled the air at these stations, counting the number of aerosols of 100 nanometeres or larger, and also the level of terpenes. They found a clear pattern (Paasonen et al 2013). The effect is strongest in places such as eastern Siberia and Finland, where the air is clean. “But in more polluted areas, the feedback is not significant” says Paasonen.

The extent of the effect is not known, but it may not be very big. It could offset global warming by as much as 10%, or it might be less than 1%. And, where there is significant atmospheric pollution, pine oil evaporation makes no difference. But it’s one reason to preserve existing pine forests, and also applies to spruce, larch and similar species. Russia, Scandinavia and Canada take note. In theory, it will also apply to any large plantation of aromatic plants, but in reality pine forests may be the only significant contributor because of their mass.

Footnote
The terpenes are only able to contribute to cloud formation because, once in the atmosphere, they are oxidized by ozone and other gases into slightly larger particles, and this is an important step in the process. So more ozone could also lead to whiter, larger clouds, again supporting the Gaia hypothesis. This is somewhat ironic because high ozone at ground level also oxidizes these terpenes, which of course come from essential oils too, and inhaling the resulting oxidation products can cause respiratory problems. So what is good for the planet above tree level is not so good for people with respiratory problems below. Fortunately, this only happens where there are high ozone levels.

References
Battersby S 2013 Call in the Clouds. New Scientist issue 2923: 32-35http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21829231.900

Charlson RJ, Lovelock JE, Andreae MO, Warren G 1987 Oceanic phytoplankton, atmospheric sulphur, cloud albedo and climate. Nature 326 (6114): 655–661doi:10.1038/326655a0

Fuentes JD, Lerdau M, Atkinson R et al 2000 Biogenic hydrocarbons in the atmospheric boundary layer: a review. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 81: 1537-1575http://nature.berkeley.edu/biometlab/espm228/Fuentes%20et%20al%20BAMS%202000.pdf

Kulmala M, Suni T, Lehtinen KR et al 2004 A new feedback mechanism linking forests, aerosols, and climate. Atmospheric Chemistry & Physics 4: 557-562 http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/29/54/16/PDF/acp-4-557-2004.pdf

Lovelock JE, Margulis, L 1974 Atmospheric homeostasis by and for the biosphere: the Gaia hypothesis. Tellus Series A 26: 2–10http://www.gps.caltech.edu/classes/ge148c/pdf%20files/lovelock.pdf

Paasonen P, Asmi A, Petaja T et al 2013 Warming-induced increase in aerosol number concentration likely to moderate climate change. Nature Geoscience 6: 438-442http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/v6/n6/full/ngeo1800.html

Topping D, Connolly P, McFiggans G 2013 Cloud droplet number enhanced by co-condensation of organic vapours. Nature Geoscience 6: 443-446http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/v6/n6/full/ngeo1809.html

 

Posted by Editor
Filed in
 

June 11th, 2013

September CE Event Book Pre-Orders

Attendees to our September 15, 2013 CE Event with with Jeanne Rose have the opportunity to pre-order books, and then pick them up at the event. To pre-order please email Colleen Thompson at colleen@essenceofthyme.ca. Note that $1 has been added to the cost of each book to cover pre-shipping costs. Below are the book titles available:

  • 375 Essential Oils & Hydrosols; $19.95
  • Advanced Perfumery Workbook; $36.00
  • Aromatherapy Course – Home & Family; $176
  • Aromatherapy Studies Course; $576 includes 2 books
  • Distillation, A Workbook; $26.95
  • Herbal Studies Course; $11.95
  • Herbs & Things Jeanne Rose’s Herbal; $19.95
  • Hydrosols & Aromatic Waters; $30.95
  • Kitchen Cosmetics; $18.95
  • SPA/Skin Workbook; $30.95
  • The Aromatherapy Book: Applications & Inhalations; $19.95
  • The Herbal Body Book; $19.95
Posted by Editor